ON CONVERGENCE OF MOMENTS FOR APPROXIMATING PROCESSES AND APPLICATIONS TO SURROGATE MODELS LIKE DEEP LEARNING NETWORKS
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Received : March 14, 2018; Revised May 1, 2018
Communicated by : Professor Shuzhen Yang
We study criteria for a pair of approximating processes which guarantee closeness of moments by generalizing known results for the special case that for all n and converges to Y in probability. This problem especially arises when working with surrogate models, e.g., to enrich observed data by simulated data, where the surrogates are constructed to justify that they approximate the We first discuss that case of sequences of random variables. Since this framework does not cover many applications where surrogate models such as deep neural networks are used to approximate more general stochastic processes, we extend the results to the more general framework of random fields of stochastic processes. This framework especially covers image data and sequences of images. We show that uniform integrability is sufficient, and this holds even for the case of processes provided they satisfy a weak stationarity condition.
convergence of moments, data science, deep learning, surrogate model, stochastic approximation, machine learning, uncertainty quantification, uniform integrability.